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Neurodiversity and Co-occurring difficulties

Dyspraxia (DCD)

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), also known as dyspraxia, is a common disorder affecting fine and/or gross motor coordination in children and adults. This condition is formally recognised by international organisations including the World Health Organisation.

DCD is distinct from other motor disorders such as cerebral palsy and stroke. The range of intellectual ability is in line with the general population. Individuals may vary in how their difficulties present; these may change over time depending on environmental demands and life experience, and will persist into adulthood.

An individual’s coordination difficulties may affect participation and functioning of everyday life skills in education, work and employment. Children may present with difficulties with self-care, writing, typing, riding a bike, play as well as other educational and recreational activities. In adulthood many of these difficulties will continue, as well as learning new skills at home, in education and work, such as driving a car and DIY.

More information

Dyspraxia Foundation

This site includes information on 'How would I recognise a child with dyspraxia?' and primary and secondary classroom guidelines. The Foundation supports parents, individuals and professionals either living with, or supporting those with dyspraxia.


Movement Matters

This is the UK umbrella organisation representing the major national groups concerned with children and adults with dyspraxia. The website holds documents and videos aimed at parents, teachers and employers of people with dyspraxia.